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Local Authority arrangements for funding children and young people with SEN and Disabilities

All mainstream schools, including maintained, academies and free schools, receive an annual budget based mainly on the number and age of the children in the school.

In addition, schools receive further resources allocated as part of their 'notional Special Educational Needs' budget which is calculated with reference to other factors and pupil characteristics, such as prior attainment and deprivation data. Schools are expected to use this funding and their wider school budget as a whole not just to fund the core education provision, but also to meet the first £6,000 of support required by any pupils with additional needs of whatever type and level.

Where a child with particularly high needs requires additional support costing more than £6,000, i.e. more than what the school can reasonably be expected to meet from its own delegated budget share, the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead (RBWM) provides additional funding to the school. This is called ‘top-up’ funding, and is based on the assessed need of the individual pupil. In these cases, such children are likely to require an Education Health and Care (EHC) Plan. Top-up allocations are linked with clearly defined additional interventions and outcomes as set out in the EHC plan, and are paid from a central budget which the Local Authority retains specifically for this purpose.

For RBWM’s special school and other specialist settings within RBWM’s mainstream schools, where places are specifically reserved for pupils with high levels of Special Educational Needs (SEN), the funding is slightly different. In these cases, schools receive funding based on £10,000 per place (equivalent to the core education provision plus the first £6,000 of additional support). Where children and young people who attend these settings require provision beyond this amount, RBWM agrees a ‘top-up’ allocation with the school once again based on the assessed need of the individual as defined in the EHC Plan.

Additional support funding for post 16 students works in broadly the same way as for pre 16 pupils described above. Education establishments with post 16 pupils are also expected to meet the first £6,000 of additional support from within their own budgets. Costs above this amount are funded by top-up allocations linked to the student’s EHC Plan.

Please also see the Local Authority wide expectations on schools document, which sets out what RBWM expects mainstream schools to provide for children and young people with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities.  A Graduated Response to Special Educational Needs and Disability is also relevant and sets out when it is appropriate for schools to make an application for a needs assessment for an Education, Health and Care Plan.

For further information, please contact the Children and Young People Disability Service on 01628 685878 or email


Who to contact

Contact Name
Children and Young People Disability Service
01628 685878

Where to go

Town Hall
St Ives Road

Local Offer

Local Offer Age Bands
0-5, 5-11, 11-16, Preparing for Adulthood, Parents and Carers
Last Updated

Journey Planner

Address: Town Hall  St Ives Road  Maidenhead  Berkshire

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